The history of the zoo, Thailand

Dusit Zoo was originally a botanical garden called "Khao Din Wana”. King Rama V, during his foreign country visits became impressed of botanical gardens as a place for entertainment and relaxation of people, and so His Majesty advised that a botanical garden should be established in Thailand. In 1895, His Majesty gave royal permission for the garden to be built on land east of Premprachakorn canal, across from Chitrlada Palace. A large lake was dug up with connecting canals and roads, dirt excavated from the digging was piled into a mountain in the middle of the garden, hence the name "Khao Din” which means earth mountain. Various trees were planted and called "Wana” which means forest. And so the whole area was called "Khao Din Wana”. At first the garden was part of the palace compound and used for the private enjoyment of the royal family and palace staff. Later during King Rama VII's reign, His Majesty advised that this garden should be expanded and improved for the enjoyment of the general public.

After Thailand changed from and absolute into a constitutional monarchy in 1932, Prime Minister P. Piboonsongkram asked royal permission of King Rama VIII, passed into law the designation of the areas of "Khao Din Wana”, "Sanam Sua Pa” and "Suan Umporn” into a public park.

The Bangkok municipality then transferred Axis Deer and various animals from Suan Umporn, plus crocodiles and monkeys from Suan Saranrom into the zoo. A request was also made for royal elephants from the palace to be shown at the zoo on Sundays. After all the renovations were finished, the zoo was open to the public on March 18th, 1983 and henceforth officially called "Dusit Zoo”.

The zoo has been connected with Thai people for more than 60 years. Although different in the past, there has been an increase in the number of zoos in the country. The presentation of the service is mixed with knowledge, technologies and many different sciences; this has led to the zoos being more useful than before.Government zoos are a place for the people to enjoy and relax. Also they are a learning source for now and the future. We have developed due to competition with other countries, and use the income from visitors to develop the nation. Integration and development in the future is linked directly with customer numbers. The beautiful and pleasant environment, coupled with a variety of animals result in the perfect zoo, providing an excellent place to learn about nature and wildlife. It takes the whole day to enjoy a zoo, when people come and visit zoos they feel satisfied and like to spend a lot of time there, often visiting again many times in their lifetime. Nowadays, many countries around the world are realizing the importance of zoos. There are more than 1,000 new zoos in Asia, Europe, America and Australia. Developing and advancing zoos has many benefits for society. Modern zoos can share their discoveries to help reform many things, such as the culture of the education system, associated technologies and in making people aware of the importance of protecting their wildlife and natural resources. The 4 sustained environment operation policies of Khao Kheow Open Zoo are wild animal conservation, education, research and providing recreational areas. Nowadays every service is an important mechanism that supports each other. It means that the zoo develops with a solid foundation.

Chiang Mai Zoo was establish in 1974 (A.D.) by Mr. Harold Mason Young an American missionary who came to Thailand as a volunteer to teach survival skill to soldiers on Thailand’s border. He rented a piece of land to take care of rescued animal which has been injured by hunters at the time and when the animal are recovered he started his reintroduction by return them to the jungle, but there were some very weak animal suffered from badly the wounds and some could not be able to survive or foraging in the jungle. 002

So Mr. Young took kept them at his animal shelter. Later on he opened his private zoo to the public as an animal education centre. When the number of animal increased he co-operated with Chiang Mai provincial government to approve the extension of the area where animal are kept to 9.6 hectares of Doi Suthep-Pui National Park. His animal educational centre opened on 6th April 1940. After Mr. Harold Mason Young passed away in 1974 the Chiang Mai provincial government transferred this small private zoo to the Zoological Park Organization and sustainable developing to be the official zoo of Chiang Mai since 16th June 1977. Chiang Mai Zoo has more than 80 hectares, houses more than 2,000 animal in an evergreen setting comprising two waterfalls, reservoirs, an open camping spots and research conservation areas. Chiang Mai Zoo also offers some spectacular views of Chiang Mai and provides lots of recreation and other facilities.

Chiang Mai Zoo has been supported under the patronage of his majesty the king and operates with the vision of keeping Chiang Mai Zoo as a leading education centre of valuable wilds animal and preserving the beautiful landscape of the north.


Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo, or Korat Zoo, is one of the most wonderful places for visiting in the Nakhon Ratchasima province, situated in north eastern region of Thailand. Korat Zoo is the fourth out of five zoos under administration of the Zoological Park Organization of Thailand under the Royal Patronage of His Majesty the King Rama IX.

Nakhon Ratchasima covers 218 acres. The zoo has been established since 23 May B.E. 2532 located on the plain laterite area where some areas have been adjusted to be the wave areas like Savanna grassland providing excellence of animals presented in their natural environment for the purpose of conservation, education and recreation. It was formally opened to the public since 14 December B.E. 2539 that General Prem Tinnasulanon, the privy councilor and Statesman, presided over the opening ceremony.

Korat Zoo is a model of the 'Open Zoo' concept. To make you visit to the zoo truly memorable we provide facilities and varaity of services.

After the election on July 2nd 1986, General Praim Thinasulanon had been elected and assigned by the royal approval as the prime minister of Thailand, followed by assignment of Mr. Umnuay Suwannakiri as a secretary minister, in charge of the Zoological Park Organization, who had start a project to establish a zoo in each region. As for southern region, the area of elephant-shaped mountain in Khao Roop Chang Sub-district, Mueng District, Songkhla Province (the area in known as Baan Suan Thoon) had been chosen but the establishment was incomplete as General Praim declared parliament dissolution by a requested royal decree in 1988.

Eventually, after the royal approval of General Chartchaai Chunhawan in 1989, Colonel Pon Rerngprasertwit, as a secretary minister, had ordered resumption of the project. Then the Zoological Park Organization immediately reconsidered and reinitialized the establishing of Songkhla Zoo with an admission from the cabinet on May 23rd 1989

The Songkhla Zoo establishing project was a 10-year schedule, with initial financial support of 120 millions baht from the government, which was carried out in 1989 – 1998. The constructions consist of basic necessaries, office building, reservoir, greenhouse and exhibition spaces which had been serving the audiences by displaying various wild animals in turns such as tapir, chevrotain, camel, llama, giraffe, bear, tiger, monkey, musk, deer, Genus Cervus deer, barking deer, colorful birds such as parrot, macaw, cassowary, flamingo and a lot more.

Songkhla Zoo had started collecting entry fee since September 18th 1998 and the official opening ceremony had been performed on October 3rd 1998 with General Praim Thinasulanon, prime privy councilor and a statesman, as the honored chief of ceremony.

Ubon Ratchathani Zoo

KhonKaen Zoo operations established by the Ministry of natural resources and the environment, which aims to become an ecotourism, wildlife conservation research center of rare breeds. Ecological rehabilitation based on the concept of cooperation with the community of forest logging agreements between agencies, including 4 of Zoo logical park organization, Nation Forest, National wildlife and plant Park, and KhonKaen province on April 27, 2009.

KhonKaen Zoo is located in KhonKaen, KhonKaen province, 50 km away from the town and 70 km from Udonthani. Khon.On 3338 acres oflandscaped area in the wildlife park.The zoo provide a natural classroom to build awareness a part of its youth for protection wildlife and plants. The animal exhibits, divided into different parts, such as deer, barking deer, sambar deer, numerous White Lion, white tiger,urangutang, tiger, camel and white rhinoceros.

The Charm of amazing nature on the mountain "Phu Kao SuanKwang.” The Sky bridgeacross the Africa Zone is called "Sky Walk."The tourist can watch the animals in bird eye views. Beautiful views of the mountains and cliffs of the sort one pasture behind him, feeling close to nature & touching fog closely. Our service is a house meeting room, recreation buildings, wooden stumps.Camp focuses on the culture research center and conservation of wild animals, including the restoration of the original ecosystem of forests and wildlife of this concept in a forest with a community based on the concept of sufficiency economy people are with woods. Links to international destinations from KhonKaen to Vientiane City Zoo, LuangPrabang, Viet Nam regard as bringing money from abroad into the Thai nation. Moreover, this is ready to make it a LANDMARK of the Northeas

Elephant’s Kingdom Project belongs to The Zoological Park Organization Under The Royal Patronage of H.M. The King, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. There is establishing to help the trouble of nomadic Elephants in the city in nowadays. The mahout take elephants to sell elephant’s food in crowed city that make them hurt and died from accident and sometime they are nervous and act madly that make them often harm many people. So, Sirikit Kitiyakara commands in report of production interbreeding animals from The Zoological Park Organization to care and conserve Thai elephants because elephants are important, respectable and national symbol. So, elephants should be protected and defended their lives better, The Zoological Park Organization observe the precepts and originate Revenant Elephant Project of The Zoo logical Park Organization or Elephant’s Kingdom Project of Surin Province.

In 2009 The Zoological Park Organization received budget from amend a motion of the government total 22 million baht for begin Revenant Elephant Project and bound budget to 2010. There allocate budget for elephant’s food around 3 million baht to solve the problem in dry season. In 2011 create model scheme of Elephant’s Kingdom Project and received budget from the government 58.6 million baht for construct infrastructure. After that in 2010, they got 100 nomadic elephants. In 2011 got 133 nomadic elephants. In 2012 got 157 nomadic elephants. In 2013 got 160 nomadic elephants. In 2014 to 2015 got 170 nomadic elephants. In 2016 to 2017 define get 200 nomadic elephants.

Elephant’s Kingdom Project has method establish tourism location concerning nature conservation and local culture. They emphasize on sufficient economy elephant village and new theory agricultural under the Royal Initiative of His Majesty the King. It also enhance the integrity of the area and elephant’s food for self-sustaining. There execute Dong Phudin conserved forest around 1200 acre.