Java Toad (Phrynoidis asper)

Habitat :

HABITAT AND ECOLOGY In Borneo it is apparently confined to the banks of rainforest streams and rivers throughout its life cycle and has been recorded only from heavily forested areas. It has not been reported from disturbed or heavily logged forests. Its larvae live on the bottom of riffles and rapids. In Sumatra and Java it is found in rivers or along small streams in various habitats, from primary rainforest to degraded areas and even near cities. On these islands, the species can tolerate a considerable amount of pollution and is still abundant where other species have disappeared.

Current Status :

It occurs in many protected areas. In Borneo the protection of large areas of rainforest in Kalimantan and Sarawak is needed. In Peninsular Thailand and Malaysia this species inhabits almost every protected forest area. It is also protected by the WARPA 1992 law of Thailand.


CLASS : Amphibia

ORDER : Anura

FAMILY : Bufonidae

GENUS : Phrynoidis

SPECIES : Java Toad (Phrynoidis asper)

Conservation status : Least Concern

Reference :

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Update : 06 April 2017