Male Asian elephant has ivory, which is called “male elephant – chang ply”. Some males have no ivory, which is called “male elephant without ivory – chang sido”. Normally, female Asian elephant does not have ivory, which is called “female elephant – chang pang”. However, it may have short ivory called “small ivory – kanai”. It is a single stomach animal. It has 26 teeth. Its ivory is the cut tooth that is changed. Its nose is its long trunk. It has arched back like a dome. Its front feet have 5 nails, while its back feet have only 4 nails. It has lump at its trunk.
Asian elephant is found in Nepal, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, and Sumatra.
It eats grasses, leafs, young bamboo shoots. Its most favorites are young bamboo trees and leafs. In dry season, it likes to eat banana leafs and stalks
It normally lives in herd. The leader in herd is female elephant. It, mostly, makes a living during nighttime. The leader leads its herd for making a living, finding water sources, and escaping from enemies. Elephant normally eats a lot. If it awakes, it eats almost all the time. Elephant in the same herd likes to do the same things at the same time. For example, when it is a time to make a living, it will go to find foods at the same time. And once it stops, it will stop at the same time. It stands when sleeping. However, sometimes, it sleeps on one side.
The threats to Asian Elephants are increased poaching & illegal ivory trade, human-elephant conflict, loss of natural habitat, climate change, etc.
CLASS : Mammalia
ORDER : Proboscidea
FAMILY : Elephantidae
GENUS : Elephas
SPECIES : Elephas maximus
SUBSPECIES : Elephas maximus indicus
Conservation status : ENDERGERED
It can live up to 70 years.
It is mature and ready for mating at the age of 8 – 12 years. Gestation period is around 19 – 21 months. One litter contains only one young.
Its body skin is thick around 1.9 – 3.2 centimeters.Its weight is around 3 – 4 tons.
Update : 11 April 2017